[Video] Doraemon Anywhere Door – Future Reality or Manga Legend?

My research project of BCM325: Future Cultures focuses on Doraemon, a Japanese manga, and its wonderful technology predictions. I decided to base my work around one technology that I think is the best technology presented in the manga, Anywhere Door – a door that takes you anywhere you want by simply walking through it. In this short piece of writing, I will explain the reason why I chose Anywhere Door as the research focus and reflect on my aims and findings.

First of all, I want to talk about why I chose Anywhere Door for my research project. In total, there were 1344 chapters of Doraemon released in the original series, featuring hundreds of gadgets. Although all of those gadgets are interesting technologies of the future, I cannot do research about all of them due to the massive amount of work required. Therefore, my approach was focusing on one prominent gadget while briefly presenting several other gadgets as background information, which I think is a more suitable approach for the scope of my research. Another reason rooted in my personal circumstance. As an international student in Australia, I have to stay away from my beloved family. Although I want to see them every day, I have to wait for at least three and a half months to come back home by the end of the semester with at least nine hours travelling by airplanes. Therefore, I want to discover whether Anywhere Door or Teleportation can be reality in near future, which can make travelling, especially over huge distance, way easier.

Secondly, the research aims and findings are reflected. The aims of my research are divided into two small points: human transportation development progress and teleportation scientific theories. Although I have noticed that human beings have achieved many breakthroughs in transportation recently, I have never actually paid attention to how significant they are compared to other means of transport in previous decades. Therefore, I want to investigate this progress in order to see if the future of transportation is bright and optimistic, and if there is still room for further improvements. I decided to look at commercial transportation only because Anywhere Door is meant to be a more accessible to the public. After doing some research, I have figured out that it took around 150 years for human travelling speed to increase by 30 times, from the first railway to commercial airplanes nowadays, which I think is incredible and signals a very promising future.

Finally, another goal of my research is to discover some possible scientific theories that can turn Anywhere Door or Teleportation into reality. There were several possibilities came up during my research, among which ‘Quantum Entanglement’ was the most notable. Simply speaking, teleportation using quantum entanglement can function by scanning and sending the state of the transported object from the departure point to the arrival point where it can be recreated identically using the transmitted data. However, this sounds more like scanning and printing rather than transporting, because the original object remains in the first place and will be destroyed afterwards once being recreated successfully to guarantee that there is only one version of it in the universe. Another possibility is travelling through wormholes, or in other words, the connection between two black holes. This idea was proposed by Stephen Hawking with his theory Hawking Radiation about how the two black holes can be entangled, which creates a connection or a wormhole in between which people can travel through. However, there are lots of barriers to this theory because no one has approached a black hole to know exactly what is inside, or there are other arguments that nothing can escape a black hole. Therefore, at this stage, ‘Quantum Entanglement’ is still more feasible than wormholes because tiny objects like photons have been successfully transmitted over huge distance such as from the earth to the orbit by a group of Chinese scientists. However, there is still a big gap from transferring a photon to teleporting a person.

In conclusion, this short piece of writing has informed about my choice of Anywhere Door as my case study, as well as my research aims and findings. It is obvious that transportation in particular and technology in general, have attained significant achievements over time, and will continue to progress in the future. On the other hand, the barriers in teleportation possibilities signify that it will take much more time and effort for Anywhere Door to be brought into reality. However, I still believe that we have the right to hope, because according to the book Sails in the sky (1938), people of the 15th century used to claim Leonardo da Vinci’s idea of airplane to be crazy, and now we are absolutely not crazy, but are actually sailing, in the sky, with airplanes.

References:

Agarwal, A 2017, ‘Anywhere Door: Doeramon’s Gadget into a reaity’, Research Paper, Aligarh Muslim University.

Benson, A 2015, ‘The utopia of suburbia: the unchanging past and limitless future in Doraemon’, Japan Forum, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 235-256

Brodwin, E 2016, An Italian surgeon has renewed his promise to perform the world’s first head transplant after a ‘proof-of-concept’ experiment on a dog, Business Insider, viewed April 29th 2017, <http://www.businessinsider.com/italian-surgeon-head-transplant-dog-experiment-2016-9&gt&gt;

Captain Cartoon 2015, Doraemon Intro (American Version), online video, December 28th, Captain Cartoon, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

Coke 2013, Star Trek: The Motion Picture – Transporter Accident, online video, April 6th, Coke, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

Hardy, MA, Furr, A, Barret, JP, & Barker, JH 2017, ‘Review: The immunologic considerations in human head transplantation’, International Journal of Surgery, vol. 41, pp. 196-202

Human Progress 2015, Quantum Entanglement Simplified Microscopic Universe, online video, December 23rd, Human Progress, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

Minutephysics 2017, How to Teleport Schrödinger’s Cat, online video, March 15th, minutephysics, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

Minutephysics 2016, Transporters and Quantum Teleportation, online video, March 15th, minutephysics, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

‘Sails in the Sky’, 1938, Time, vol. 31, no. 18, p. 69.

Seeker 2018, Will We Ever Be Able to Travel Through a Wormhole?, online video, February 3rd, Seeker, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

Seeker 2013, Will Teleportation Ever Be Possible?, online video, February 8th, Seeker, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

The Atlantic 2015, An Animated History of Transportation, online video, July 8th, The Atlantic, viewed May 30th 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxQK1WDYI_k&t=216s&gt;.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

ELL230 Final Project: 8 Differences between Asian College and Western College.

 

The above video is a combination of 8 differences between Asian College and Western College. As a Vietnamese student who has spent three years studying in Australia, I have noticed many differences between two college environments. Therefore, I have decided to use this research project as an opportunity to present some of those differences based on my personal experience and observation. In this short piece of writing, I will explain what I think are the causes of these cultural differences, using Hofstede (1984)’s cultural dimensions, as well as their negative and positive influences and how to overcome them.

First of all, the differences in learning styles between Asian and Western college can be explained by ‘Confucianism’, which is a system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius (Liu and Xie 2016), a famous Chinese philosopher. According to Jackson (2014), some East Asian countries such as China, Japan, South Korea or Vietnam are significantly affected by Confucianism, which emphasizes “persistence, personal stability, traditions, frugality, respect for elders, status-oriented relationships, a long-term orientation to time, hard work, a sense of shame and collective face-saving”. Therefore, it is very common for students in an Asian classroom to stand up or bow in order to greet the teacher in a respectful manner. Moreover, because Confucianism highly values hard work, Asian students carry a high expectation in academic achievements, which is the main measurement of success in Asian cultures (Schwartz 1994). On the other hand, a pass grade might be considered acceptable by Western students, which explains why Western students and Asian students perceive their marks in different ways, which can be seen in the video.

‘Power distance’ is another cultural element that can be used to explain these differences, which describes how individuals of a particular culture perceive power relationships – superior/subordinate relationships – between people, including the degree that people not in power accept that power is spread unequally (Hofstede 1984). In particular, the relationship between teachers and students in Asian college is more formal than that in Western university, which defines the way students behave in class (Hofstede 1984). Eating and using smartphones in class, and sitting more freely are more likely to be accepted in Western college while considered unacceptable in most Asian schools. Moreover, these differences can be viewed under the idea of ‘Individualism-collectivism’, which investigates the degree to which individuals in a society are associated into groups (Jackson 2014). In highly individualistic Western countries like Australia, personal autonomy and individual identities, rights and responsibilities tend to be emphasized (Hofstede 1984). Therefore, students in Western college are more self-oriented and make decisions based on individual needs, which makes behaviours like eating and using smartphone in class, going to class late and leaving class early more acceptable (Hofstede 1984).

The difference between the foreign language (English in this case) taught in Asian College and the language that is actually used in Western countries or host countries can be identified as ‘language shock’, one element of ‘transition shock’ (Jackson 2014). ‘Language shock’ is a common problem among international students, referring to the challenge of understanding and communicating in a second language in an unfamiliar environment (Jackson 2014). Even if the student speaks the same first language as local students, there are still differences in terms of accent, dialects, humour, vocabulary, slang and communication styles that can hinder communication (Hile 1979). In this case, due to ‘Inadequate preparation’, Asian students were not equipped with the awareness about the variation of English used in Australia and how different it is to the standard version they are taught in school, which leads to the difficulty in communicating.

Secondly, I will explain the effects that these differences might bring about. Students going abroad for education might experience several negative consequences of cultural differences, or transition shock (Jackson 2014). The differences in behaviour expectation can result in conflict between the students and teachers as well as their host national classmates (Jackson 2014). Students coming from Western college who are not aware of the formal sets of behaviour in class might unintentionally offend their teachers. For example, an Asian teacher might find it unacceptable that a student does not stand up to greet him/her, eats or uses mobile phone in class. The classmates of that student who are host nationals might consider him/her as lacking the common sense and respect towards their culture as well (Hile 1979). Moreover, the conflict in values might affect students’ performance. Due to the fact that Asian students tend to appreciate high marks while Western students consider a pass grade acceptable, conflict might arise when the two parties work together on the amount of effort should be spent on accomplishing tasks. As a result, Western students might think that their Asian peers are overly aggressive and serious, while on the other hand Asian students might form an impression that Western students are not hard working. According to Jackson (2014), a potential consequence is that students might feel isolated in a new environment. In particular, due to the differences in manners and values, a student can form frequent perceptions of being singled out, overlooked or discriminated against by their local friends (Hile 1979). Not being treated with the same degree of respect as locals can lead to homesickness, feeling of inadequacy (loss of self-confidence due to the inability to express self clearly in the host language and perform basic tasks), and the fear of trying new things and exploring the local culture (Jackson 2014). In overall, these negative effects result in the students’ low academic performance and a negative attitude towards the host country.

On the other hand, these cultural differences might bring about positive effects. According to Jackson (2014), encountering these cultural differences allow students to develop their intercultural competence as they can challenge themselves, step out of their comfort zone, and become more aware of their identity and of the world around them. Interacting with classmates with cultural differences is an opportunity for students to acquire new communication skills, build confidence as well as develop new relationships (Hile 1979). Studying in a new educational environment, although very challenging, can be beneficial as students gain more understanding about a particular country and its culture as well as people, which lead to the development of ‘cultural-relativism’, which can be defined as an attitude perceiving all cultures are of equal value and cannot be judged based on any standard (Hile 1979). In general, differences between Asian college and Western college can positively influence students by equipping them with understanding about a different culture, intercultural communication skills and the necessary mindset to be a global citizen.

Finally, this essay aims to provide readers with possible ways to avoid the negative consequences in encountering cultural differences between Asian and Western College, as well as to optimise this intercultural transition. According to Jackson (2014), it is essential for students to take actions prior to their sojourn to study in another country. Doing some research about the destination and its culture can be useful as it provides students with knowledge about the expected manners as well as unacceptable behaviours so they can avoid conflicts in communication due to misunderstanding. For example, Western students can be prepared to greet the teachers properly by standing up, or staying in the class until the end to avoid being offensive. Setting realistic goals and expectations is also a good tip for students (Hile 1979). For example, Asian students should understand that not all Western students want to achieve high marks so they will not be disappointed if their Western peers do not spend enough effort as they expect in group assignments. Practicing the language spoken in the host country is also important so students can be confident in communicating with their local teachers and friends as well as to avoid misunderstanding (Jackson 2014). Moreover, there are steps that students can take during their journey to better adapt to differences. Being patient is extremely important in these contexts because adaptation and adjustment takes time to process and patience prevents students from judging and forming a negative attitude towards the local culture (Hile 1979). Additionally, participating in extracurricular activities arranged by the host university is a great way to make friends, practice the language and explore the host culture (Jackson 2014). A cultural mentor that can provide help when needed is a great idea. This could be a local student, an international student or even a co-national as long as that person is experienced and understands the host culture thoroughly (Jackson 2014).

In conclusion, this essay has indicated several causes of the differences between Asian college and Western college depicted in the video, using Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. All the situations in the video are based on my personal experience and observation, so they might not be considered true in all cases. Furthermore, these scenarios are also exaggerated in order to entertain audience with no offense, because I consider that humour is a useful way to encounter and understand cultural differences. Additionally, the essay has discussed the negative and positive effects of these cultural differences, as well as how to overcome them. I hope that my video and essay will be useful to entertain as well as to support Asian students in particular and international students and travellers in general, to adapt in their intercultural journeys.

References:

Hile, P 1979, Language Shock, Culture Shock and How to Cope, Abilene Christian University Mission Strategy Bulletin 7.2.

Hofstede, G 1984, ‘Cultural dimensions in management and planning’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 81-99.

Jackson, J 2014, Introducing language and intercultural communication / Jane Jackson, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon New York, New York Routledge, 2014.

Liu, A, & Xie, Y 2016, ‘Why do Asian Americans academically outperform Whites? – The cultural explanation revisited’, Social Science Research, 58, p. 210.

Schwartz, S H 1994, Beyond Individualism-Collectivism: New Cultural Dimensions of Values, Sage, 1994.

BCM325 LiveTweets Reflection

Hi all!

Hope you are having a good time. My name is Cuong Lam, and welcome to my blog. For anyone that does not know, I am a third year student studying Communication and Media at University of Wollongong, Australia. For this semester, I am studying a subject called Future Cultures, and for each week we are shown movies in class (yes you got it right, movies in class!) and during the screening we have to live tweet any relevant content or comment about the movie on Twitter. Therefore, in this blog post I will make a reflection on all of the six live tweeting sessions (I missed the first one :P). And here we go:

Week 2: WestWorld (1973).

Westworld is a 1973 American science fiction Western thriller film written and directed by novelist Michael Crichton about amusement park androids that malfunction and begin killing visitors (Wikipedia).

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

It was interesting to see how not only me, but also my classmates reacted to the rebellion of robots in Westworld. In particular, we tend to focus not on the fact that robots were killing human in the movie, but instead the cause of the rebellion, which was the way human treated robots. It seems like the human characters were able to express their darkest side by being put into a world full of what they thought to be insentient and will accept whatever they do. The tweet that I consider best reflects this was Noelle’s: “pays 1K a day and literally ends up in jail lol”. So true. These people paid $1000 not to enjoy the theme park, but to commit crimes that they cannot do in real life, and the chaos was what they deserved.

Week 3: Johnny Mnemonic (1995).

Johnny Mnemonic is a 1995 Canadian-American cyberpunk action thriller film directed by Robert Longo in his directorial debut. The film stars Keanu Reeves and Dolph Lundgren. The film is based on the story of the same name by William Gibson. Keanu Reeves plays the title character, a man with a cybernetic brain implant designed to store information. The film portrays Gibson’s dystopian view of the future with the world dominated by megacorporations and with strong East Asian influences (Wikipedia).

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

The common theme dominated across the screening of Johnny Mnemonic was how funny the future was depicted in the movie as everything looked old-fashioned and simply not modern enough to be ‘the future’. However, one thing that was recognised by many of us was how the future in the movie was dark, pessimistic and somehow a dystopia. This can be reflected by my most-likable tweet of this session: “Take a look around, this is actually the future of E-Waste”, and another wonderful tweet from Noelle (again): “Why do they depict the future to have rubbish everywhere idgi”. The future with all the advanced technologies suppose to be fancy, but in the movie, it was only covered in darkness, isn’t it weird? Maybe the answer lies in how the protagonist, Johnny, after all the happenings just wants to be a normal human again, and it seems like most of my peers felt this way too. This tweet from Aiman says it all: “At the end of the day, everyone wants to be “human” again”.

Week 4: The Matrix (1999).

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

Again, another Keanu Reeves movie featuring the future seems dark and pessimistic. “The buildings and city don’t look futuristic at all – just dystopian and deteriorating” – Claire’s tweet. I feel like a lot of media products, not only movies, tend to depict a future of technologies that does not turn out to be the best, but actually describe a fear of being controlled by technologies instead. Another common theme of the screening was how the green filter used in the movie was widely recognised, which reflected the boundary between virtual world and reality. Besides, the best thing I experienced from this week’s live tweeting was a conversation with several classmates about how simulation technology would be used in the future for tourism purpose. We had discussed several possible technologies, from VR to memory bank and also memory purchase, which I considered very interesting as innovation and prediction seems to be limitless.

Week 5: Black Mirror Season 2 Episode 1

Be Right Back” is the first episode of the second series of British science fiction anthology series Black Mirror. It was written by series creator and showrunner Charlie Brooker, directed by Owen Harris and first aired on Channel 4 on 11 February 2013.

The episode tells the story of Martha (Hayley Atwell), a young woman whose boyfriend Ash Starmer (Domhnall Gleeson) is killed in a car accident. As she mourns him, she discovers that technology now allows her to communicate with an artificial intelligence imitating Ash, and reluctantly decides to try. “Be Right Back” had two sources of inspiration: the question of whether to delete a dead friend’s phone number from one’s contacts, and the idea that Twitter posts could be made by software mimicking dead people.

“Be Right Back” explores the theme of grief; it is a melancholy story similar to the previous episode, “The Entire History of You“. Its presentation of Martha and Ash’s relationship is brief but depicts a loving relationship, many aspects of which are inverted with Martha and the AI that imitates Ash, which is unable to replicate the small details of Ash’s behaviour. (Wikipedia)

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

Throughout the screening session, I had noticed that how my peers, as well as myself, were uncomfortable thinking of the storyline. What happened in the movie could be a possible outcome of human’s dependence on technology, according to Ashleigh’s tweet: “Humans are always getting attached to our devices, giving names and personalities to them. But this is on a whole different level”. Moreover, it also raised concerns around mental issues, which might happen not only to the protagonist, but anyone of us as a result of excessive attachment to technology: “is anyone else concerned for this woman’s mental health?” – Cassie’s tweet. However, although this technology will face controversies if one day it is brought to life, I cannot tell for sure what I would react to it once I was put in the same situation: “Fooling myself into the illusion that someone you love is still alive, or facing the truth? I don’t have an idea to be honest”. A great episode, a great idea leaving us with a lot of questions inside I believe.

Week 6: Robot and Frank

Robot & Frank is a 2012 American science fiction comedy-drama film directed by Jake Schreier and written by Christopher Ford. Set in the near future, it focuses on Frank Weld, an aging jewel thief played by Frank Langella, whose son buys him a domestic robot. Resistant at first, Frank warms up to the robot when he realizes he can use it to restart his career as a cat burglar. It was the first feature film for both Ford and Schreier and received critical acclaim for its writing, production, and acting. It won the Alfred P. Sloan Prize at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival, tying with the Kashmiri film Valley of Saints. (Wikipedia)

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

Unlike Johnny Mnemonic or The Matrix, the future in Robot and Frank seems to be more realistic, maybe because it was made at a recent date. However, without the e-waste or green filter, it still reflects a dystopian view: “The dystopian future in #RobotandFrank is not a robot that cares, but a library without books” – Chris’s tweet. The movie led us to different emotional stages, but I wonder that which stage or scenario was the saddest: the fact that people had to use robots to take care of their parents, aged people get attached to robots more than with their kids, or human could teach robots to commit crime? It was a dystopian view indeed, according to Frank Langella himself: “It doesn’t turn into a sentimental buddy movie at all”. Above all, it was obvious that both I and my peers were touched by the storyline of this movie, by the relationship between Frank and the robot, and by the fact that robots can actually feel, express emotion and empathy: “noooo just go to jail as friends don’t wipe memory” – Ashleigh’s tweet.

Week 7: Black Mirror Season 3 Episode 6

Hated in the Nation” is the sixth and final episode of the third season of British science fiction anthology series Black Mirror. Written by series creator and showrunner Charlie Brooker and directed by James Hawes, it premiered on Netflix on 21 October 2016, along with the rest of series three.[1] It is the longest episode in the series at 89 minutes.

The episode is a murder mystery, and follows Detective Karin Parke (Kelly Macdonald) and her new partner Blue Coulson (Faye Marsay) who, together with the help of National Crime Agency officer Shaun Li (Benedict Wong), try to solve the inexplicable deaths of people who were all the target of social media. (Wikipedia)

 

Liked Tweets:

Reflection:

It was obvious from this final screening session of another episode from Black Mirror that we all realised how dystopian the theme was. Everyone was freaked out by the fact that tiny bees could be used as killing weapons and could be controlled by a daily social networking tool which was Twitter. Moreover, I was grateful to know that someone did share the same opinion with me that bees and hashtags are just a metaphor for cyberbullying: “I mean it’s not nice for people to wish someone dies on the internet, but they know it wouldn’t actually happen, so how do they actually feel now that someone is making these hated pupils a target of society ?” – Angus’s tweet; “Losing control of the bees a metaphor about how we can never control the internet?” – Edwina’s tweet; “This movie is a metaphor of the effect of online bullying. Victims might not die, but they are dead inside” – my own tweet. I totally agree with them that Internet in particular or technology in general will develop in any way depending on how we use them, just like the bees which can be used for ordinary purposes but can also be used as deadly weapons.

 

BCM325 Research Overview – Doraemon’s Anywhere Door.

Hi everyone!

Hope you are having a good time. It’s great to come back to my blog with another new post. For anyone that does not know, I am doing a research project about Doreamon’s famous idea of Anywhere Door, a magical door that takes you any where you want by walking through it. I have written a blog where I proposed my initial thoughts, which can be found here:

In this podcast, I will provide my research findings to partly help me in answering the question of whether Anywhere Door will come into reality, or remain an imaginary means of transport.

Let me know what you think down below in the comment section.

Hope you enjoy it!

Cuong.

 

Reference:

Aditi, S 2017, ‘Quantum entanglement and its applications’, Current Science (00113891), vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 1361-1368.

Agarwal, A 2017, ‘Anywhere Door: Doraemon’s Gadget into a reality’, Research Paper, Aligarh Muslim University.

Chin, M 2015, New method of quantum entanglement vastly increases how much information can be carried in a photon, Phys.org, viewed April 22nd 2018, <https://phys.org/news/2015-06-method-quantum-entanglement-vastly-photon.html&gt;.

Weiss, D, ‘Star Trek and the Posthuman’, viewed April 22nd 2018, <http://faculty.ycp.edu/~dweiss/research/Star%20Trek%20and%20the%20Posthuman.pdf&gt;.

The Atlantic (2015), An Animated History of Transportation, [Online Video], viewed April 22nd 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FaLCQo8NJFA&gt;.

‘Sails in the Sky’, 1938, Time, vol. 31, no. 18, p. 69.

BCM325 Research Introduction: Doraemon’s Future Predictions – Are we getting close? – ‘Anywhere door’.

In this short blog, I will make a brief introduction of my research project for BCM325: Future Cultures. In particular, I will indicate my research topic, research plan and digital artifact presentation.

Research topic:

Personally, I am passionate about Japanese manga and the famous ‘Doraemon’ is undoubtedly among my favorites. The content is about a robot from the future, Doraemon, who travels back in time to provide help to a boy who struggles in life, through the use of his ‘gadgets’, which are tools of the future (22nd century in particular). As a little boy, I only dreamed of making life easier with those gadgets, but have never thought of actually having any of them in real life. However, as time flew, I grew up and technology developed, I started to realise many of those gadgets have been turned into existence. Not a few of them, many of them. Watch this:

 

As you can see, the cutting-edge technology of the 22nd century that was depicted in Doraemon is on its way into existence in the early 21st century that we are living today. Therefore, I am optimistic that what Fujiko Fujo – the author – predicted in the manga was not just about a Utopian world (an imagined place where everything is perfect, symbolizing people’s hopes and dreams), but actually a future world that is not impossible to reach (Benson 2015). But the question is, are we getting close? Therefore, I decided to commit my research project to partly answer this question by focusing on one gadget that I believe is the best idea in the manga – the ‘Anywhere door’, a door that takes you anywhere you want by simply… walking through it.

Research plan:

I plan to focus my research into two sub-topics. First of all, because ‘Anywhere door’ is actually a means of transport, I will look at the transport revolution to figure out how developed transportation has been since the earliest days of human history. Although travelling to a destination that is thousands miles apart in seconds is a crazy idea, we still have the right to hope based on the incredible improvements in transportation throughout the years. The following infographics indicate the various achievements in transportation that humans have accomplished:

speed-lon
Credit: treehugger.com
transportation-history--the-evolution-of-travel_518a96a62f7db_w1500
Credit: visual.ly

Looking at the above infographics, we can see that transportation has been through a long revolution process from the earliest days. People of the 15th century claimed Leonardo da Vinci’s idea of aeroplane to be crazy (Sails in the Sky, 1938), and now we are travelling intercontinently in less than a day in aeroplanes and claiming Fujiko Fujio’s (Doraemon’s author) idea of ‘Anywhere door’ to be crazy again, isn’t it ironic? We have reasons to hope, and I will put effort into research to find out whether those reasons are rational enough.

Secondly, I want to discover whether there is any scientific foundation to turn this idea into reality. There might be achievements that signal positive progress, but if there is no scientific and realistic base, that progress will have a limit. For example, in Doraemon, Fujiko Fujio once featured a machine that allows two people to switch their heads together to experience the other’s body. This idea has been initiated in real life with the case of  Sergio Canavero, an Italian doctor who is researching to perform the world’s first head transplantation (Brodwin 2016). Although there have been incredible improvements and discoveries in the medical industries, this idea still remains impossible according to several scientific foundations such as the head cannot stay alive on its own, the immune system cannot accept another body or the surgery has to happen in under an hour (Hardy et al 2017).

Therefore, through my research, I want to figure out whether ‘Anywhere door’ is actually science, or just science fiction. Theories about time and space such as Einstein’s ‘General Relativity’, which explains that space can be warped (Agarwal 2017), will be put into consideration .

Digital Artifact Presentation:

I plan to present my findings in the form of a video which I believe to be more interactive as it provides more visuals. Along with the visuals, there will be a voice-over to serve the purpose of explanation and clarification. The structure of the artifact will be mostly based on the outline of this blog post as I will introduce Doraemon as a background for my research topic along the evidence to prove that Fujiko Fujio was a genius for the future predictions. Secondly, my interest in the idea of ‘Anywhere door’ will be expressed and supported by the achievements in transportation history. Finally, I will make a conclusion based on my scientific findings of whether this idea lies in the future, or remains a manga legend.

References:

Agarwal, A 2017, ‘Anywhere Door: Doeramon’s Gadget into a reaity’, Research Paper, Aligarh Muslim University.

Benson, A 2015, ‘The utopia of suburbia: the unchanging past and limitless future in Doraemon’, Japan Forum, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 235-256

Brodwin, E 2016, An Italian surgeon has renewed his promise to perform the world’s first head transplant after a ‘proof-of-concept’ experiment on a dog, Business Insider, viewed April 29th 2017, <http://www.businessinsider.com/italian-surgeon-head-transplant-dog-experiment-2016-9&gt;.

Hardy, MA, Furr, A, Barret, JP, & Barker, JH 2017, ‘Review: The immunologic considerations in human head transplantation’, International Journal of Surgery, vol. 41, pp. 196-202

‘Sails in the Sky’, 1938, Time, vol. 31, no. 18, p. 69.

 

MakerSpace video tutorials: Peer review

Concept

My friend Clancy, beside his main duty as a student, is one of the mentors at UOW MakerSpace Club, a place for creating, sharing, learning with technology and art, based inside the campus library. Since the MSC has been establishing various technological facilities available for public use such as the 3D printing machine, VR or embroidery machine, there is an emerging need to inform the university community about its existence as well as how to make the best use of it. Realising this demand, Clancy decides to centre his DIGC302 project around the idea of introducing the public about MSC in the form of a video series. Each video is around one minute in length, is filmed from point-of-view perspective using 360-degree technology and is made viewable on VR devices. The main platform used to share these videos is Youtube and below is the first video about 3D printing machine:

 

Methodology

In order to get the footage for the video, as he tells me, Clancy takes advantage of some specific events. For example, during Open Day at uni, he was able to introduced about MSC to many visitors (mainly students), encouraged them to experience the available technologies as well as asked them for the consent to film their using the facilities. However, sometimes the filming opportunity comes quite spontaneously as he randomly sees someone using the tech and decides to film. After acquiring enough materials, he then talks to the MSC Coordinator, Nathan, and other mentors who are in charge of different technologies to understand about them (because he is specialised in VR) to write the script for the videos. Based on these scripts, the video materials are then rearranged into the most logical order. The video is then uploaded to Clancy’s personal Youtube channel and sent over to MSC Media team to gather initial feedback. Finally, he makes some adjustments if necessary and uploaded the final version to the MSC Youtube channel, ready to be publicised.

Utility

As Clancy tells me, his project has a three-fold utility. First of all, it contributes to the promotion of the MakerSpace Club. Due to the fact that MSC is a relatively new community, it has not been really well-known among campus. Therefore, Clancy hopes that through his project, people will know more about the cutting-edge facilities available as well as MSC in general. Secondly, this project is useful for students who are lack of understanding about various technologies of MSC. In particular, after watching the videos, different students may find themselves interested in different facilities and can apply for a full in-person induction at MSC. Finally, Clancy also finds this project valuable for himself. As mentioned earlier, he is specialised in VR so other technologies such as the carving machine or embroidery machine are a bit unfamiliar to him. Therefore, by spending time learning, talking to experts and making videos about them, he becomes more knowledgeable in those areas. Moreover, the whole video series can be used as a part of his professional portfolio, which can be shown to employers when he gets into the workplace in near future.

Trajectory

First of all, I want to talk about how Clancy’s project has been progressing in terms of concept. According to our conversations at the very beginning of the semester, the original idea is to make videos of the full induction for each of the facilities at MSC. However, this does not seem to be useful due to the fact that a full induction normally lasts around an hour and no one wants to have a VR headset on the face for that long. Therefore, the concept has changed from ‘induction’ to ‘introduction’ as the videos only provide some basic information about the technologies, which provokes people’s interest and encourages them to come visit MSC for an in-person induction. Secondly, Clancy also made some adjustments to his methodology. Originally, he edited the video right after filming. However, working with 360-degree videos is a real struggle as there are a lot of settings to remember. Therefore, by filming a bulk of material and editing all of them later allows him to avoid forgetting any setting.

Feedback

In my opinion, Clancy is doing a good job by putting himself in the audience’s position. As mentioned in the Trajectory section above, he has changed the concept from the full one-hour induction to one-minute introduction, which makes the video more user-friendly. I consider this is a really important element for every project because one of our main goals is to best serve our target audience. Secondly, I give credit to Clancy’s consultation with experts in MSC facilities that he is not familiar with to acquire understanding about them. By doing this, he not only understands more about them but also knows which should be shown to the audience to maximise the utility. Another good point is in the methodology as Clancy spends a lot of effort in the pre-testing phase. When the video is filmed using the 360-degree camera, the footage is streamed to his phone. However, it appears differently when put into the computer for editing. Therefore, he has to test his shooting so many times to make sure that the final product is well tailored.

Suggestions for improvement

The first recommendation of mine is that Clancy should pre-test the videos to ordinary students besides MSC members. In this way, he might have a sense of what the audiences really want to see. Clancy can do this by gathering a focus group which can give him consistent feedback or uploading the videos onto his personal Facebook page. Additionally, in order to better promote the videos, he might consider reaching other groups within UOW that are working on the same stuffs. For example, the video about the Carving machine can be sent to the Mechatronics group to get feedback as well as to promote it to their audience. Clancy also asked me whether more sophisticated editing effects might improve the quality of his videos. In this regard, I consider he can give it a try but he has to make sure that no matter what effects he uses, the big idea of the project must be consistently maintained.

To Clancy:

If you are reading this, it means we have reached the final stages of our projects as well as the semester. I just want to say thanks for your time spending with me sharing ideas and feedback. I really appreciate how you have trusted to ask and valued my recommendations. Your suggestions to my project have been really useful too. Wish you best luck with the remaining of your project and the upcoming plans of yourself.

Lam.

BCM212 Final Project Reflection

For the final project of BCM212, I researched about how students make decisions to study at UOW and their majors, as well as how those decisions influence their perception about future careers. In this short blog post I will explain what I did to engage and represent others in my research in terms of ethics, and what I learned from doing it.

First of all, according to Lassiter 2005, an important element in ethical research is that researchers have to be granted consent by participants and to provide protections of participants’ privacy and confidentiality. In order to gather findings, I conducted both online surveys and interviews. In the first page of my survey, I clearly informed the respondents that by turning to the next page, they allow me to use the data for the purpose of this research and they can choose not to participate if they do not want to grant me the consent. All the answers were collected anonymously so the privacy and confidentiality were guaranteed. About my interviews, when asking the interviewees to participate, I informed them clearly that I would film and publicize the interviews, but only for those reading my research report (more details can be found in my Progress Update here). Therefore, I was granted full consent from the interviewees, and in return I provided protection to their privacy by setting the video setting to private on Youtube, so it can be viewed in my report only.

iStock_000012880248XSmall
Credit: Baycrest.org

Secondly, as stated by the Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance, ethical research practices must aim to achieve honesty, fairness and accuracy. As stated above, I filmed and publicized the interviews. Because the interviews were all quite long, I had to edit the footage to highlight the most important points. Therefore, I had to make sure that the editing process only aims to achieve convenience for audience without any intention to stage. Before putting the video into my report, I showed it to all my interviewees so they can see that I made no major changes apart from trimming down pauses, embedding background music or categorizing the answers into a more logical order. About my survey, all the figures published in my report were totally based on the data analysis on the website where I set up the survey without any adjustments. The only thing I did was aggregating them and presenting in the form of charts and graphs. I also tried to achieve fairness by not leaning towards any particular argument or interest, but instead I initially indicated my personal considerations and used my findings to reflect back on them. Any unexpected point that came out of my prior anticipation was also clearly stated.

respectlogo
Credit: respect-mag.com

Finally, I want to share my experience from doing this research. The first thing I learned in terms of research values is Accountability. According to UOW Human Research Ethics Committee, objectives of a research include protecting the welfare and rights of the participants and bringing about benefit. I have explained how I engaged and represented my participants in the above paragraphs to justify how I protected their rights. Moreover, I also tried to make my research outcome beneficial to certain people. By discovering the factors influencing students’ decisions to choose UOW and majors in relation with their future careers, I hope to support my UOW peers to be more confident in what they are doing or make any necessary adjustment. I also expect that my research can support future students to decide whether UOW is the best place for them.

2a12f72ce5f276109d428067e6b7ef70
Credit: Pinterest.

The second research values I have understood is Flexibility. I am aware that planning is crucial in research because it allows me to keep track of my progress. However, there are always times when things come out of control. For example, my video editing took longer than I thought and I was a bit freaked out that I could not finish all the work in time. This challenge pushed me to reallocate my schedule flexibly to compensate for the lack of time. But I still do not  know whether I made it right, because I will be submitting everything in an hour and I’m still writing this one. However, I suppose staying in this ambiguity and uncertainty can be tolerated :P, said Dugan 2013.

Creativity-2
Credit: sophieandrews.com.au

Another values I obtained is Creativity. Although I’m not a visual expert, I somehow managed to present my survey findings in form of graphs and charts, in an desperate attempt to be creative and make it easier for readers. I also tried to make a highlights video of the interviews to make my report more interactive and less boring (if it is full of words). If it does not work, maybe I’m not creative enough, but I tried.

It feels good writing these last lines as I’m finally able to rest.

.

.

It seems like I can’t rest, I still have exams. T.T

References:

Dugan, M 2013, Tolerating Ambiguity, Known Innovation, viewed June 5th 2017, <http://knowinnovation.com/2013/04/tolerating-ambiguity/&gt;.

Lassiter, L 2005, The Chicago Guide to Collaborative Ethnography, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance, Media Alliance Code of Ethics, abc.net.au, viewed June 5th 2017, <http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/transcripts/0921_meaaethics.pdf&gt;.

UOW Human Research Ethics Committee, viewed June 5th 2017, <http://www.uow.edu.au/research/ethics/UOW009378.html&gt;.